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IS 13607 (1992) : Ready Mixed Paint, Finishing, General 
Purposes, Synthetic [CHD 20: Paints, Varnishes and Related 
Products] 




Jawaharlal Nehru 
'Step Out From the Old to the New" 



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PROTECTED BY COPYRIGHT 



IS 13607 : 1992 

Indian Standard 

HEADY MIXED PAINT, FINISHING, GENERAL 
PURPOSES, SYNTHETIC - SPECIFICATION 



UDC 667.633.263.3 



© BIS 1992 

BUREAU OF INDIAN STANDARDS 

MANAK BHAVAN, 9 BAHADUR SHAH ZAFAR MARG 
NEW DELHI 110002 

December 1992 Price Groap 2 



Paints ( Other than Industrial Paints ) and Allied Products Sectional Committee, CHD 020 



FOREWORD 

This standard was adopted by the Bureau of Indian Standards after the draft finalized by the Paints 
( Other than Industrial Paints ) and Allied Products Sectional Committee had been approved by 
the Chemical Division Council. 

Withlthe advent of newer technology, oil based paints are no longer in vogue. As such, an ad hoc 
pane was set up by the Paints Sectional Committee to review the entire range of oil based paints. 
The Committee, based on the recommendations of ad hoc panel, decided to formulate this new 
standard to replace the existing fourteen oil based paint-standards (IS 117, 120, 121, 122, 123, 
124 ( Part 1 ), 124 ( Part 2 ), 124 ( Part 3 ), 126, 127, 128, 129, 130 and 641 ). 

This standard is at par with the defence specifications ABSP/99/89, Specification for Paint RFU, 
Finishing General Service Synthetic, Semi-gloss, Brushing/Spraying, various colours. 

Internationally, the determination of gloss value at 45° is becoming obsolete and 60° glossometer 
is being used for this purpose. Till the time Indian Paint Industry and testing laboratories switch 
over completely to 60° glossometer for determination of gloss value, both the values are being 
stipulated in this specification. 

For the purpose of deciding whether a particular requirement of this standard is complied with, 
the final value, observed or calculated, expressing the result of a test or analysis, shall be rounded 
off in accordance with IS 2 : 1960 'Rules for rounding off numerical values ( revised )'. The 
number of significant places retained in the rounded off value shall be the same as that of the 
specified value in this standard. 



AMENDMENT NO. 1 MAY 2003 

TO 

IS 13607 : 1992 READY MIXED PAINT, FINISHING, 

GENERAL PURPOSES, SYNTHETIC — 

SPECIFICATION 

( Page 1, clause 4.2, tine 6 ) — Substitute 'Pale cream (ISC No. 352), 

Middle stone (ISC No. 362) and Light grey (ISC No. 631)' /or 'other colours'. 

{Page 1, clause A. 1) — Insert the following at the end: 

'NOTE — Titanium dioxide composition requirement clause is not applicable for other 
than above four shades.' 

( Page 4, clause C-1, line 2 ) — Substitute '58 ± 2°C'/or '60°C'. 
(CHD20) 



Reprography Unit, BIS, New Delhi, India 



IS 13607 : 1992 



Indian Standard 

READY MIXED PAINT, FINISHING, GENERAL 
PURPOSES, SYNTHETIC — SPECIHCATION 



1 SCOPE 

1.1 This standard prescribes requirements and 
methods of samphng and test for general pur- 
pose, synthetic resin based paint, in different 
colours, having brushing consistency. 

1.2 The product is used for protection and 
decoration of ferrous and non-ferrous surfaces 
and wood. 

NOTE — The normal painting system will be one 
cost of the finishing pamt over one coat of a prim- 
ing paint as per IS z074. 

2 REFERENCES 

The Indian Standards listed in Annex A are the 
necessary adjuncts to this standard. 

3 TERMINOLOGY 

For the purpose of this standard, the definitions 
given in IS 1303 : 1983 shall apply. 



4 REQUIREMENTS 

4.1 General 

The material shall be supplied in brushing 
consistency and shall be suitable for application 
by spraying after thinning with petroleum hydro- 
carbon solvent, low aromatic, 140/205 grade 
{see\?> 1745 : 1978). 

4.1.1 Paints with yellow, red and green colours 
are not intended for application by spraying. 

4.2 Composition 

The paint complying with this standard shall 
consist of pigments adequately dispersed in 
vehicle based on synthetic resin. The dry pig- 
ment shall contain not less than 25 percent of 
Titanium Dioxide ( R ) in white and 15 percent 
in other colours. The vehicle in all cases shall 
essentially consist of oil modified alkyd and/or 
pure phenolic excluding natural resins and their 
derivatives. 

4.3 The material shall also comply with the 
requirements given in Table 1 . 



Table 1 Requirements for 
SI No. Characteristic 

(1) (2) 

i) a) Consistency 

b) Relative consistency 

( By Ford Cup No. 4 at 27 ± 0.5°C ) 
ii) Drying time. Max 

a) Surface dry 

b) Hard dry 
c1 Tack free 

iii) a) Finish 

b) Fineness of grind, Max 
iv) Mass in kg/10 1, Min 
v) Gloss ( Specular Reflection ), 

or 60° 
vi) Colour 

vii) Volume Solids, Min 
viii) Flexibility and adhesion 

ix) Scratch hardness 

x) Stripping test 

xi) Resistance to salt spray 

xii) Presence of rosin and rosin derivatives 
xiii) Lead restriction except for red, 

yellow and green colours 
xix) "Flash point 

xv) Accelerated storage stability test 
xvi) Durability 

a) outdoor exposure 

b) salt spray test 



RMP, Finishing, General Purpose, Synthetic 

Requirement Method of Test, Ref to 



(3) 
Smooth and Uniform 
80 - 120 Sees 



4 hours 

12 hours 

24 hours 

Smooth and semi-glossy 

40 microns 

11 

31 to 50 units 

^^ 21 to 60 units 

Close match to IS colour m 
IS 5 as specified 



IS4IOI ^^^^ 

( Part 1/Sec 5 ): 1989 — 

( Part 3/Sec 1 ) : 1986 — 



( Part 3/Sec 4 ) : 1987 
( Part 3/Sec 5 ): 1986 
( Part 1/Sec 7 ) : 1986 
(Part4/Sec4) : 1988 



( Part 4/Sec 2 ) : 1989 



■ fe 



No damage, detachment or 

cracking of the paint film 

Bare metal shall not be visible 

through the scratch 
The scratcn shall be free from 

jagged edges 
No breakdown of the paint film 
and no corrosion or metal 
substrate 

Absent 
Less than 5 percent as PbO 

Not below 30°C 
^^ . To pass the test . .. . 
No sign or checking, chalking, 
permanent blistering, spotting, 
flaking or brittleness and not 
appreciable change in colour 
and gloss. 



( Part 5/Sec 2 ) : 

( Part 5/Sec 1 ) : 1988 

17 of IS 101 

App. A, IS 2074 

( Part 9/Sec 2 ) 
( Part 8/Sec 5 ) 

(Part 1/Sec6) : 1986 



B 



IS 13607 : 1992 



5 PACKING AND MARKING 

5.1 Packing 

Unless otherwise agreed to between the pur- 
chaser and the supplier, the paint shall be packed 
in metal containers conforming to IS 1407 : 1980 
and IS 2552 : 1989. 

5.2 Marking 

Each container shall be marked with the 
following: 

a) Name, colour and the type of the material; 

b) Indication of the source of manufacture; 

c) Volume of the material; and 

d) Month and year of manufacture. 



6 SAMPLING 

6.1 Representative samples of the paint shall 
be drawn as prescribed in IS 101 ( Part 1/ 
Sec 1 ) : 1986. 

6.2 Number of Tests 

The tests shall be covered on all the character- 
istics of the material on individual samples. 

6.3 Criteria for Conformity 

The lot shall be declared as conforming to the 
requirements of this specification if the charac- 
teristics tests on individual sample satisfy the 
corresponding requirements given in this 
specification. 



ANNEX A 
( Clause 2 ) 

LIST OF REFERRED INDIAN STANDARDS 



IS No. 

101 ( Part 1/ 
Sec 1 ) : 1986 



101 (Part 
Sec 3 ) : 



1/ 
1986 



101 ( Part 1/ 
Sec 5 ) : 1989 



101 ( Part 1/ 
Sec 6 ) : 1986 



101 (Part 1/ 
Sec 7 ) : 1986 



101 ( Part 3/ 
Sec 1 ) : 1986 



Title 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 1 Test 
on liquid paints ( general and 
physical )/Sec 1 Sampling 
( third revision ) 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 1 Test 
on liquid paints ( general and 
physical )/Sec 3 Preparation of 
panels ( third revision ) 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 1 Test 
on liquid paints ( general and 
physical )/Sec 5 Consistency 
( third revision ) 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 1 Test 
on liquid paints ( general and 
physical )/Sec 6 Flash point 
( third revision ) 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 1 Test 
on liquid paints ( general and 
physical )/Sec 6 Mass per 10 
litres ( third revision ) 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 3 Tests 
on paints film formation: Sec 1 
Drying time ( third revision ) 



IS No. 

101 ( Part 3/ 
Sec 4 ) : 1987 



101 ( Part 3/ 
Sec 5 ) : 1987 



101 ( Part 4/ 
Sec 1 ) : 1988 



101 (Part 4/ 
Sec 2 ) : 1990 



101 ( Part 4/ 
Sec 4 ) : 1988 



101 ( Part 5/ 
Sec 1 ) : 1988 



101 (Part 5/ 
Sec 2 ) : 1988 



Title 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 3 Tests 
on paint film formation Sec 4 
Finish ( third revision ) 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 3 Test 
on paint film formation Sec 4 
Fineness of grind ( third 
revision ) 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 4 
Optical test on paint films 
Sec 1 Opacity 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 4 
Optical tests on paint films 
Sec 2 Colour 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 4 
Optical tests on paint films 
Sec 4 Gloss ( third revision ) 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 5 
Mechanical test on paint films 
Sec 1 Hardness test (third 
revision ) 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 5 



IS 13607 : 1992 



IS No. 



101 ( Part 8/ 
Sec 2 ) : 1990 



101 ( Part 

Sec 5) 



8/ 



Title 

Mechanical tests on paint films 
Sec 2 Flexibility and adhesion 
( third revision ) 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 8 Tests 
for pigments and other solids 
Sec 2 Pigment and non-volatile 
matter 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 8 Tests 
for pigments and other solids 
Sec 5 Lead Restriction 



IS No. 

101 ( Part 9/ 
Sec 2) 



1303 : 1983 



1407 : 1980 



2074 : 1979 



2552 : 1989 



Title 

Methods of sampling and test 
for paints, varnishes and 
related products: Part 9 Tests 
for Lacquers and varnish 
Sec 2 Rosin test 

Glossary of terms relating to 
paints ( second revision ) 

Round paint tins ( second 
revision ) 

Ready mixed paint, air drying, 
red oxide zinc chrome, prim- 
ing {first revision ) 
Steel drums ( galvanized and 
ungalvanizcd ) ( third 

revision ) 



ANNEX B 
[ Table \, SI No. (vii) ] 

DETERMINATION OF VOLUME SOLIDS 



B-1 GENERAL 

This method is intended to provide a measure 
of the volume of dry coating obtainable from a 
given volume of liquid coating. This volume is 
considered to be the most equitable means of 
comparing the coverage and the wet film 
thickness of the given paint. 

B-2 APPARATUS 

B-2.1 Analytical Balance — Sensitive to 0.1 mg. 

B-2.2 Stainless Steel Disc 

60 mm diameter and 0.70 mm thickness with a 
small hole 2 to 3 mm from the edge. A fine 
wire such as chromel is attached through the 
hole for suspending the disc in a liquid. 

B 2.3 Weight Box 

B-2.4 Beaker — 1 litre. 

B-2.5 Mass per Litre Cup 



B-3.4 Determine the mass of non-volatile 
content of the liquid coating material by drying 
a known amount of paint at 105°C for 3 hours. 
Let it be ^ grams. 

B-3.5 Determine the specific gravity of the paint 
to the nearest 0.001 g/ml by using mass per litre 
cup. Let it be P. 

B-3.6 Dip the disc in the paint sample for 
10 minutes and take out the disc. Allow the 
excess coating material to drain off Blot the 
coating material off the bottom edge of the disc 
so that beads or drops do not dry on the 
bottom edge of the disc. Dry the disc at 105°C 
for 3 hours and cool. Weigh the coated disc in 
air. Let it be Wi, grams. 

B-3.7 Suspend the coated disc in water and 
weigh again. Let it be W^ grams. 

B-3.8 Calculate the volume of the coated disc 
V\ as follows: 



Ki-- 



Wz - W, 



capable to maintain where 



B-2.6 Hot Air Oven 

105 ± 2°C. 

B-3 PROCEDURE 

B-3.1 Dry the disc in an oven at 105°C for 
10 minutes and cool. Weigh the disc in air. 
Let it be W\ grams. 

B-3. 2 Suspend the disc in water and weigh 
again. Let it be W2 grams. 

B-3.3 Calculate the volume of the disc V as 
follows: 

^ d 

where 

J = is the density of the water at room 
temperature. 



is the density of water at room 
temperature. 



B-3.9 Calculate the volume of the dried coating 
as follows: 

Volume of dried coating ( Vd ) = Vi — V 



B-3.10 Calculate the volume 
follows: 



of wet coating as 



K = — 



W X P 



where 
W 



grams of non-volatile matter in 1 
of wet coating. 



IS 13607 : 1992 



B-3.11 Calculate the percent volume solids of 
the paints as follows: 






X 100 OR 



^X 100 



B-3.12 The percent volume solids of a paint is 
related to the covering capacity and wet film 
thickness in the following manner: 



a) Theoretical coverage ( mVl ) «* 

Percent Volume Solids 
Dry film thickness ( microns ) 

b) Wet film thickness ( microns ) « 

Dry film thickness ( microns ) 
Percent Volume Solids 



X 10 



X 100 



ANNEX C 
[ Table \, SI No. (xv) ] 

METHOD FOR ACCELERATED STORAGE STABILITY TEST 



C-1 PROCEDURE 

The paint sample is stored in a closed container 
and kept at 60°C for 96 hours. After the stor- 
age, paint shall not get liver, curdle or increase 
in efilux time by more than 20 percent and there 



shall be no evidence of seeding. The paint shall 
meet the drying time requirement and shall 
produce dry film that is uniform in appearance 
and free from streaking, mottling and seediness. 
Further, the change in gloss value from the 
original shall not be more than 5 units. 



ANNEX D 

[ Table \, SI No, (xvi) ] 

DURABILITY 



D-1 PREPARATION OF PANELS 

D-1.1 Three mild steel panels of 150 mm x 
150 mm X 0.63 mm or 150 mm x 75 ram x 
0.63mm size free from surface imperfection 
shall be prepared as per IS 101 ( Part 1/Sec 3 ) : 
1986. 

D-1. 2 The paint shall be applied by brushing in 
two coats at an interval of 24 hours to give a 
dry film mass commensurate with mass in kg/ 
10 L as prescribed in IS 101 ( Part 3/Sec 4 ) : 
1987 and allowed to air dry for 72 hours under 
the conditions prescribed in IS 101 ( Part 1/ 
Sec 3 ) : 1986. The reverse side of the panel 
shall then be protected with a suitable paint. 

D-2 PROCEDURE 

Two panels shall then be exposed for 30 days 
in the open facing south at an angle of 45° to 



the horizontal. After this, the panel shall be 
subjected to salt spray test for 96 hours. The 
salt solution shall comprise: 



— 30g 

— 0.03 g ( or equi- 
valent in hydrat- 
ed crystals ) 

— 0.02 g ( -do- ) 

— To make one litre. 

After this test, the panels shall be washed with 
running water and with help of wet cotton swab 
and dried. 

The exposed panels shall then be examined for 
any change/deterioration. 



Sodium chloride 

Anhydrous magnesium 
chloride 



Anhydrous magnesium 
sulphate 

Distilled water 



standard Mark 

The use of the Standard Mark is governed by the provisions of the Bureau of Indian 
Standards Act, 1986 and the Rules and Regulations made thereunder. The Standard Mark on 
products covered by an Indian Standard conveys the assurance that they have been produced 
to comply with the requirements of that standard under a well defined system of inspection, 
testing and quality control which is devised and supervised by BIS and operated by the pro- 
ducer. Standard marked products are also continuously checked by BIS for conformity to 
that standard as a further safeguard. Details of conditions under which a licence for the use 
of the Standard Mark may be granted to manufacturers or producers may be obtained from 
the Bureau of Indian Standards. 



Bureau of Indian Standards 

BIS is a statutory institution established under the Bureau of Indian Standards Act, 1986 to promote 
harmonious development of the activities of standardization, marking and quality certification of 
goods and attending to connected matters in the country. 

Copyright 

BIS has the copyright of all its publications. No part of these publications may be reproduced in 
any form without the prior permission in writing of BIS. This does not preclude the free use, in 
the course of implementing the standard, of necessary details, such as symbols and sizes, type or 
grade designations. Enquiries relating to copyright be addressed to the Director ( Publications ), BIS. 

Revision of Indian Standards 

Indian Standards are reviewed periodically and revised, when necessary and amendments, if any, 
are issued from time to time. Users of Indian Standards should ascertain that they are in possession 
of the latest amendments or edition. Comments on this Indian Standard may be sent to BIS giving 
the following reference : 

Doc : No. CHD 020 ( 0001 ) 

Amendments Issued Since Publication 

Amend No. Date of Issue Text Affected 



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